Area of distribution and weedness zone of Taraxacum officinale Wigg.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist - O.E. Kravchenko, GIS-specialist - M.I. Saulith.

Data of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:10 000 000-1:80 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic on the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The following sources were used to determine the general distribution of this species: Chikov (1976), Tolmachaev (1974), Kharkevih (1992). The zones of sporadic distribution were determined according to publications listed below. The zones of harmfulness were determined according to the publications below and also on the map of Arable Lands (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Bobrov, E.G. & N.N. Zvelev, eds. 1964. Flora of the USSR. Leningrad-Moscow: AN SSSR. V. 29: 798. (In Russian)
Buch T.G., Kachura N.N., Shvydkaya V.D., Andreeva E.R. 1981. Weeds of the Primorskii Territory and their control. Vladivostok: Dalnevostochnoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo. 256 pp. (In Russian)
Cherepanov S.K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (of the former USSR). Saint Petersburg: Mir i semja-95. 991 pp. (In Russian)
Chikov P.S., ed. 1976. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow: WILAR, BIN, LGU, TGU, Geodesia & Kartografia. 340 pp. (In Russian)
Desa M.I. 1989. Keys to weed plants of Kirghizia. Frunze: Kirghizstan. 204 pp. (In Russian)
Dorogostaiskaya E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 pp. (In Russian)
Gejdeman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 468 pp. (In Russian)
Goloskokov V.P., ed. 1972. The illustrated keys to plants of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Nauka. V. 2: 572. (In Russian)
Grossgeim, A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. ?oscow: Sowetskaja nauka. 747 pp. (In Russian)
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S., Tihomirov V.N. 1995. Keys to vascular plants of the center of the European Russia. ?oscow: Argus. 560 pp. (In Russian)
Keller B.A., Ljubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., Fedtshenko B.A., Shishkin B.K., Rodzevic R.Yu., Kamenski K.V., eds. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. Moscow- Leningrad: ?N USSR. V. 1: 324. (In Russian)
Kharkevit?h S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. V. 6: 428. (In Russian)
Komarov B.M. 1967. Keys to plants of Northern Tadjikistan. Dushanbe: Donisch. 400 pp. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Kott S.A. 1955. Weed plants and their control. Moscow: Selkhosgiz. 2nd ed. 384 pp. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.?., ed. 1984. Keys to plants of Tuva ?SSR. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 336 pp. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov, I.?., ed. 1997. Flora of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V. 13: 472. (In Russian)
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. 912 pp. (In Russian)
Maltsev A.I. 1909. Distribution in Russia the major species of field weed plants. In: Works of bureau on Applied Botany, Saint Petersburg, 2(5-6): 251-311. (In Russian)
Maltsev A.I. 1909. Distribution in Russia the major species of field weed plants In: Works of bureau on Applied Botany, Saint Petersburg, 2(11): 595-665. (In Russian)
Maltsev A.I. 1933. Weed vegetation in the USSR: A manual. Edition 2. ?oscow: Selkhosgiz. 316 pp. (In Russian)
Maltsev A.I. 1937. Atlas of the major species of weed plants of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. V. 1: 168. (In Russian)
Malyshev, L.I., ed. 1976. Flora Putorana. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 246 pp. (In Russian)
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, eds. 1979. Flora of the Central Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V. 2: 1048. (In Russian)
Minjaev N.A., Orlova N.I. & V.M. Schmidt. 1981. Keys to plants of Northwest of the European part of RSFSR (the Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod region). Leningrad: Nauka. 376 pp. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1957. Weed vegetation of Turkmenia. Ashkhabad: ?N Turkmen SSR. 581 pp. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V., Geldikchanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 680 pp. (In Russian)
Ovesnov, S.A. 1997. Synopsis of flora of the Perm Region. Perm: Publishing house of the Perm university. 252 pp. (In Russian)
Ramenskaja M.L. 1959. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo Karelskoi ASSR. 486 pp. (In Russian)
Rubtsov N.I., ed. 1972. Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka. 552 pp. (In Russian)
Shishkin I.K. 1936. Weed plants of southern part of the Far East. Khabarovsk. 144 pp. (In Russian)
Shlyakova E.V. 1982. Keys to field weed plants of Non-Chernozem zone. Leningrad: Kolos. 208 pp. (In Russian)
Takhtadzhyan, A.L. & A.A. Fedorov. 1972. Flora of Erevan. Leningrad: Nauka. 396 pp. (In Russian)
Tchasovennaja A.A. 1975. Bases of agrophytocenologie. Leningrad: LGU. 188 pp. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1974. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. V. 1: 276. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Sakhalin and Kurile islands. Leningrad: Nauka. 372 pp. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Yakutia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 544 pp. (In Russian)
Tzvelev N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). Saint Petersburg: SPb chemist-pharmaceutical academy. 781 pp. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1993. Useful weed plants in flora of the USSR. In: Catalogue world collection VIR. Rel. 643. Saint Petersburg. 160 pp. (In Russian)
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Vasilchenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 pp. (In Russian)
Visyulina O.D., Kotov M.I., Dobrochaeva N.M., Kuznetsova G.O., Morozyuk S.S., eds. 1970. Weed plants of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 508 pp. (In Ukrainian)
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Regions of distribution of the most important weed spwcies in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selhozgis. 151 pp. (In Russian)
Vorobjev D.P., Voroshilov V.N., Gorovoy P.G., Shreter, A.I. 1966. Keys to plants of Primorskii Territory and Amur Region. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 492 pp. (In Russian)
Voroshilov V.N. 1982. Keys to plants of the Soviet Far East. ?oscow: Nauka. 672 pp. (In Russian)

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All rights reserved. Copyright © O.E. Kravchenko, M.I. Saulich.
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