Area of distribution and weediness of Tribulus terrestris L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist - N.N.Luneva,
GIS-specialist - I.A.Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of maps of natural scale 1: 10 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygon (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygon.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The area is divided into zones of the main distribution, sporadic distribution, and weediness. The zone of weediness is specified after the literature data (Shishkin, 1963) for arable lands of the south and southeast.

Method of map production:

The areas of distribution and weediness are established according to the analysis of the open published maps and literature. A map compiled by Volkov (1935) is taken as a prototype. It is confirmed for the territory of the European part of the former USSR by Fedchenko, 1931; Taliev, 1935; Grigor.evskaya, 2000; Zernov, 2002; Artokhin, 2004. The Puncture Vine distribution in Crimea is supported by Vul.f E.V. (1947) and Ul.yanova T.N. (1981). Its presence in the North Caucasus is indicated by Nikonov A.A. (1975), Galushko A.I. (1980), and Ul.yanova T.N. (1981). The species distribution in Transcaucasia is recorded after Grossgeim A.A. (1949). This species meets in Middle Asia outside mountain regions (Keller, 1934; Ul.yanova, 1981; Nikitin, 1983; Granitov, 1983). The species occurrence in Western Siberia is supported by Keller B.A. (1934), Nikitin V.V. (1983), Artokhin K.S. (2004). Andreeva E.B. et al. (2006) have recently recorded this species for the south of Krasnoarsk Territory only (sporadic distribution). Popov M.G. (1957) indicated its sporadic distribution in Transbaikalia. Other place of sporadic distribution are shown after references (Tsvelev, 2000; Bakin et al., 2000). The zone of weediness is located in arid districts of south and southeast, where the Puncture Vine belongs to the main weeds of vegetable cultures (Shishkin, 1963).

Reference citations:

Andreeva, E.B., Antipova, E.M., Sonnikova, A.E., Stepanov, N.V., Tupitsyna, N.N., & Shaulo, D.N. 2006. A list of plants of the south of Krasnoyarsk Territory. Flora and vegetation of Siberia and the Far East. V. 1. Krasnoyarsk: KGPU, p. 72-158 (in Russian).
Artokhin, K.S. 2004. Atlas of weed plants. Rostov-na-Donu: Kniga, 144 p. (in Russian).
Fedchenko, B.A., ed. 1931. Flora of the Southeast of the European part of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Publishing House of Agricultural and Kolkhoz Literature, 839 p. (in Russian).
Galushko, A.I. 1980. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. V. 2. Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov Univ., 352 p. (in Russian).
Granitova, I.I. 1983. Illustrated keys to higher plants of Qoraqalpoghiston and Khorezm. V 2. Tashkent: FAN, 216 p. (in Russian).
Grigor.evskaya, A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh town. Voronezh: Voronezh Univ., 198 p. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 747 p. (in Russian).
Keller, B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 448 p. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (in Russian).
Nikonov, A.A., ed. 1975. Weed plants of the Stavropol Territory. Proceedings of Stavropol research institute of agriculture, v. 32. Stavropol: Stavropol research institute of agriculture, 292 p. (in Russian).
Popov, M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. V. 1. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 556 p. (in Russian).
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1963. Botanical atlas. Moscow & Leningrad: Selkhozgiz, 504 p. (in Russian).
Taliev, V.I. 1935. Keys to higher plants of the European part of the USSSR. Moscow: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature, 648 p. (in Russian).
Tsvelev, N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of Northwest Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). Saint-Petersburg: SPbSCPA press. 781 p. (in Russian).
Ul.yanova, T.N. 1981. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina, O. N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 320. Leningrad: VIR, 68 p. (in Russian).
Volkov, A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature, 152 p. (in Russian).
Vul.f, E.V. 1947. Flora of Crimea. V. 2(1). Moscow & Leningrad: Ogiz & Selkhozgiz. 330 p. (in Russian).
Zernov, A.S. 2002. Keys to vascular plants of the north of Russian Black Sea coast. Moscow: KMK, 284 p. (in Russian).

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