Area of distribution and weediness of Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Sch. Bip.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist I.N. Nadtochii
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from state publications and maps of natural scale 1:80,000,000 and larger.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Main distribution area is shown by a polygon, while sporadic distribution is shown by points. Zone of weediness is shown by a polygon.

Accuracy of classifier:

Distribution area of the species is divided into zones of main distribution, weediness, and sporadic distribution. The zone of weediness was allocated according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (Tanskii et al., 1998), i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeds 50% and exhibits a field abundance of more than 1-5 plants per square meter.

Mapping procedure:

Distribution area and zone of weediness were mapped following an analysis of published references and cartographic materials. The map by Hulten & Fries (1986) was used as a prototype. The distribution area has been shifted northward and eastward in accordance with data by Hulten & Fries (1986), Volkov (1935), Tolmachev (1977), Poyarkova (1966), Krasnoborov (1997), and the Herbarium of Moscow University. The southern border was corrected along desert zone borders. Crimea has been included in the distribution area in accordance with Volkov (1935) and data on species weediness (Korovina, 1981). In the Caucasus, the distribution area was determined using Volkov (1935) and confirmed by Galushko (1980). The distribution area in the Far East was determined using Volkov (1935) and expanded using Kharkevich (1992). Sporadic distribution of the species was determined using Hulten & Fries (1986), Krasnoborov (1997), Kharkevich (1992), Ul.yanova (1980), and the Herbarium of the Moscow State University. The zone of weediness was allocated using published data. Publications reveal that T. inodorum is frequently found within this zone of weediness, as it is a main weed species in the Non-Chernozem zone (Shlyakova, 1979; Spiridonov, 2004); a nocuous species in Moldova (Lisovskii, 1989); a malicious, nocuous species in Byelorussia (Samersov et al, 2000; Kozlovskaya & Simonovich, 1966); the most widespread weed in Ukraine (Mel'nichuk, 1972); a weed in Crimea (Korovina, 1981); the most nocuous weed in the Saratov Region (Orlov, 1962); the main weed species in the Nizhnii Novgorod Region (Tikhonova, 1937), having an abundance of 1-2 points; the main weed species in the Stavropol Territory (Kolpikova, 1967; Dokuchaev, 1973); a nocuous weed in the Rostov Region (Dyatlenko, 1987); a nocuous weed in the Kursk Region (Satarov, 1989); a crop weed in the Orel Region (Novoidarskii & Skryabina, 1971); a weed in the Omsk (Plotnikov, 1949) and Tomsk (Polozhii, 1957) Regions; and a nocuous species in the taiga zone of Western Siberia (Nikitin, 1983). The zone of weediness was mapped using the map of arable lands.

Sources of data:

Akul.shina, N.P., Shushpannikova, G.S. 1987. Flora of a taiga site of the Extreme North along the oil pipeline in Usa river basin. In: Regional floristic researches. Leningrad: Nauka, p. 138-152. (In Russian)
Dokuchaev, V.M., ed. 1973. Green enemies. Weed plants of Stavropol. Territory and their control. Stavropol.: Stavropol. Publishing House. 167 p. (In Russian
Dorogostaiskaya, E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (In Russian)
Dyatlenko, V.A. et al. 1987. Weed plants and their control in Rostov Region. Persianovka: Don SKHI. P. 14-15. (In Russian)
Galushko, A.I. 1980. Flora of Northern Caucasus. V.3. Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov University, 328 p. (in Russian).
Hulten, E. & Fries, M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer: Konigstein. V. 1-3. 1172 p.
Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. Saint-Petersburg: Nauka. V.6. 428 p. (In Russian)
Kirshin, N.K., ed. 1977. Flora of environs of Biological Station of Ural University. Sverdlovsk: UGU, 80 pp. (In Russian)
Kolpikova, A.D. 1967. To the study of weed flora in zone of irregular wetting of the Stavropol Territory. In: Goryainov, V.M., ed. Proc. Stavropol SKHI, Stavropol.. V. 22: 165-179. (In Russian)
Korovina, O.N., ed. 1981. Weed plants of wheat sowings in the USSR. Catalogue of VIR world collection.N 320. Leningrad: VIR. 68 pp. (In Russian)
Kozlovskaya, N.V. & Simonovich, L.G. 1966. Features of weed distribution on turfy-podzol soils of Polesye region. In: Yurkevich, I.D., ed. Geobotanical research. Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika: 56-64. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov, I.M. 1997. Flora of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, V.13. 472 p. (In Russian)
Lisovskii, A.A. 1989. Chemical control of weeds at intensive technologies of cultivation of field cultures in Moldova. In: Modern methods of control of weeds at intensive technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops. Moscow: MSKHA, p. 17-24. (In Russian)
Melnichuk, O.S. & Kovalivska, G.M. 1972. Atlas of the most widespread weeds of the Ukraine. Kiev: Urozhai, 204 p. (in Ukrainian)
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Novoidarskii, B.I., Skryabina, A.I. 1971. Weeds of the Orel Region and their control. Orel: Orel Publishing House, 34 p. (In Russian)
Orlov, I., ed. 1962. On control of weeds in Saratov Region. Saratov: Saratov Publishing House, 23 p. (In Russian)
Plotnikov, A.N. 1949. Weeds of Tara and Sedel.nikovo Districts of Omsk Region. In: Bashkirov, S.V., ed. Proc. Omsk SKHI. V. 21. Omsk: Omsk SKHI, p. 117-123. (In Russian)
Poyarkova, A.I., ed. 1966. Flora of the Murmansk Region. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 451 p. (In Russian)
Samersov, V.F., Padenov, K.P., Soroka, S.V. 2000. Weediness of crops in Byelorussia and methods of its reduction. Zashchita i karantin rastenii 3: 20-22. (In Russian)
Satarov, V.A. 1989. Combined application of Lenatsil and Betanal together with anti-cereal postemergence herbicides in crops of sugar beet. In: Modern methods of control of weeds at intensive technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops. Moscow: MSKHA, p. 41-45. (In Russian)
Shlyakova, E.V. 1979. Weed plants of the Nonchernozem zone. In: Brezhnev, D.D., ed. Byulleten. VIR (Leningrad: VIR) 88: 64-69. (In Russian)
Spiridonov, Yu.Ya. 2004. Features of species structure of weed vegetation in modern agrocoenoses of the Russian Non-Black Earth Region. Plant Protection News (VIZR) 2: 15-24. (In Russian)
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov, K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. St.Petersburg: VIZR, p.5-55. (In Russian)
Tikhonova, Z.E. 1937. Weeds and their control. Gor`kii: Gor`kii Regional Publishing House: 90 (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I. ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. V.4. 312 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1962. Keys to vascular plants of Komi SSR. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 360 p. (In Russian)
Ul.yanova, T.N. 1980. Weed plants of the Magadan Region. In: Dorofeev, V.F., ed. Works on applied botany, genetics, selection. Leningrad: VIR. V. 68(3): 34-42. (In Russian)
Volkov, A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature, 152 p. (in Russian)

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Copyright 2004 © I.N. Nadtochii & I.A. Budrevskaya.
N.N. Luneva is the author of image (VIZR).

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