Area of distribution and harmfulness of Tussilago farfara L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


specialist-biologist - O.E.Kravchenko, GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya.

Data of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of maps of natural scale 1:10 000 000-1:80 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic on the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area is shown by polygons (basic distribution) and by points (sporadic distribution). Zone of harmfulness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The distribution of the species is divided into zones of basic distribution, sporadic distribution, and harmful area. The zones of weediness are shown - established by criteria of occurence (50% of fields where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15 % to the field area (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Procedure of map drawing:

The zones of distribution and injury are allocated by results of the analysis of the cartographical materials published in an open seal and the literary data. For basis for construction of an area maps of distribution of Tussilago farfara have been taken from atlas Hulten E., Fries M. (1986) and from "The Atlas of areas and resources of herbs" (1976). Specifications and additions are made on the following materials "Flora of Siberia" (1997) and also on materials of the publications named below. Points of sporadic distribution are added on materials of herbarium AE? and "Florae of the USSR" (1964). The zone of nocuity is allocated according to the literary data. It settles down in repartitions of territory of agricultural lands in a wood zone. Coltsfoot is a malicious weed in a forest zone, where it litters crops different (everything) cultures according to academician A.I.Maltsev (1937), V.V.Nikitin (1983), T.N. Ulyanova (1988) and others. The plant has littered of all cultures in a zone of a southern taiga on the humidified places with an abundance 3 (4) points. Here the plant has littered 12-17 % of fields. Less often it meets in a zone of northern taiga and wide-deciduous forests (Shlyakova, 1982). 1,5 kgs of fresh rhizomes have been found from one square meter of the littered field. On rhizomes 2596 kidneys were totaled (Kott, 1955).

Sources of the data:

Agaev M.G. (Ed.) 1988. Main agricultural weeds in crops of the Leningrad Region. Catalogue world collection VIR. N 468. Leningrad. 112 pp. (in Russian)
Baktascheva N.M. 2000. Flora of Kalmykia and its analysis. Elista. 135 pp. (in Russian)
Barbarich A.I., Visyulina O.D., Vorobjev M.E. 1970. Weed plants of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 508 pp. (in Ukrainian)
Bobrov E.G. and Zvelev N.N. (eds.) 1961. Flora of the USSR. Volume 26. Leningrad - Moscow: AN SSSR. 940 pp. (in Russian)
Chikov P.S. (Ed.) 1976. Atlas of areas and resources of herbs of the USSR. Moscow. 340 pp. (in Russian)
Desa M.I. 1989. Keys to weed plants of Kirghizia. Frunze: Kirghizstan. 204 pp. (in Russian)
Efimov T.P. (ed.) 1976. Weed plants and their control. Materials of scientists Udmurt ASSR. Izhevsk. 104 pp. (in Russian)
Gejdeman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow - Leningrad. 468 pp. (in Russian)
Goloskokov V.P. (Ed.) 1972. The illustrated keys to plants of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Nauka. Volume 2. 572 pp. (in Russian)
Grossgeim A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. Moscow: Sowetskaja nauka. 747 pp. (in Russian)
Hochrjakov A.P. 1976. Material to flora of a southern part of the Magadan area // Flora and vegetation of the Magadan area. Vladivostok. pp. 3-36. (in Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropik of cancer: In 3 v. Konigstein. V. 1-3. 1172 pp. (in English)
Keller B.A., Ljubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., etc. (eds.) 1935. Weed plants of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: AN USSR. Volume 4. 414 pp. (in Russian)
Kolmakov P.P., Taskaeva A.G. 1985. Weed plants of Ural and measures of their control. Chelyabinsk: JuUKI. 88 pp. (in Russian)
Komarov B.M. 1967. Keys to plants of Northern Tadjikistan. Dushanbe: Donisch. 400 pp. (in Russian)
Kott S.A. 1955. Weed plants and their control. Moscow: Selkhosgiz. 2 ed. 384 pp. (in Russian)
Krasnoborov I.М. (ed.) 1984. Keys to plants of Tuva ASSR. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 336 pp. (in Russian)
Krasnoborov I.М. (ed.) 1997. Flora of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. Volume 13. 472 pp. (in Russian)
Maltsev A.I. 1937. Atlas of the major species of weed plants of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. Volume 1. 168 pp. (in Russian)
Malyshev L.I. and Peshkova G.A. (eds.) 1979. Flora of the Central Siberia. Novosibirsk, 1979. Volume 2. 1048 pp. (in Russian)
Minjaev N.A., Orlova N.I., Schmidt V.M. 1981. Keys to plants of Northwest of the European part of RSFSR (the Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod region). Leningrad. 376 pp. (in Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1957. Weed vegetation of Turkmenia. Ashkhabad: AN Turkmen SSR. 581 pp. (in Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (in Russian)
Nikitin V.V., Geldikchanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 680 pp. (in Russian)
Orlova N.I. 1993. Abstract of flora of the Vologda area // Works of SPb societies of scientists, Volume 77, rel.3. Saint-Petersburg. 262 pp. (in Russian)
Ovesnov S.A. 1997. Synopsis of flora of the Perm Region. Perm: Publishing house of the Perm university. 252 pp. (in Russian)
Peshkov G.A. 1972. Steppe flora of the Baikal Siberia. Moscow. 208 pp. (in Russian)
Plotnikov N.A., Levchenko E.K. 1965. Weeds of Western Siberia. Novosibirsk: ZSKI. 190 pp. (in Russian)
Ramenskaja M.L. 1959. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo Karelskoi ASSR. 486 pp. (in Russian)
Rubtsov N.I. (Ed.). 1972. Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka. 552 pp. (in Russian)
Shishkin B.K. and Grubov V.I. (Eds.). 1966. Keys to plants of Bashkir ASSR. Moscow - Leningrad: Nauka. 496 pp. (in Russian)
Shlyakova E.V. 1982. Keys to field weed plants of Non-Chernozem zone. Leningrad: Kolos. 208 pp. (in Russian)
Shlyakova E.V. 1982. Weed-field plants of the Nonchernozem zone of RSFSR // Catalogue world collection VIR. Leningrad. 117 pp. (in Russian)
Syusev P.V. 1912. Abstract of flora of Ural within the limits of the Perm Region. In: Materials to knowledge of flora and fauna of Russian empire. Rel.7. Moscow. 206 pp. (in Russian)
Takhtadzhyan A.L, Fedorov A.A. 1972. Flora of Erevan. Leningrad: Nauka. 396 pp. (in Russian)
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Sankt-Petersburg: VIZR. p.5-55. (in Russian).
Tihomirov V.N., Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S. 1995. Keys to vascular plants of the center of the European Russia. Moscow. 560 pp. (in Russian)
Tolmachev A.I. (Ed.) 1974. Keys to higher plants of Yakutia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 544 pp. (in Russian)
Tolmachev A.I. (Ed.). 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR Leningrad: Nauka. Volume 4. 312 pp. (in Russian)
Tzvelev N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). Saint-Petersburg. 781 pp. (in Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1972. To a contamination agricultural fields in Uzbek SSR // Works on applied botany, genetics and selection, Volume 49, rel.1. Leningrad. pp. 182-191. (in Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other FSU countries. Saint-Peterburg: VIR. 233 pp. (in Russian)
Vasilchenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 pp. (in Russian)
Volkov A.N. (ed.) 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad. 400 pp. (in Russian)
Vorobjev D.P. et al. 1966. Keys to plants of Primorskii Territory and Amur Region. Moscow - Leningrad: Nauka. 492 pp. (in Russian)
Voroshilov V.N. 1982. Keys to plants of the Soviet Far East. Moscow: Nauka. 672 pp. (in Russian)

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