Area of distribution and weediness of Typha latifolia L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist R.S. Ushakova & O.E. Kravchenko, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:8 000 000-1:55 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The map of the Typha latifolia distribution area from Hulten & Fries (1986) was used as a model. It was supplemented with data from the following sources: Kharkevich (1992), Krasnoborov (1997), Tolmachev (1977), Malyshev & Peshkova (1979). The area was also adjusted according to the references from the list below and also from materials of the VIR Herbarium, and the database of the N.I. Vavilov Institute (1992).The zone of weediness was outlined according to Nikitin (1983), and was adjusted according to data on abundance, occurrence and harmfulness of the weed based on the below mentioned references (except the Keys and Floras). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Buch T.G., Kachura N.N., Shvydkaya V.D., Andreeva E.R. 1981. Weeds of the Primorskii Territory and their control. Vladivostok: DKI. 256 pp. (In Russian)
Cherepanov S.K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (of the former USSR). Saint Petersburg: Mir i semya-95. 991 pp. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172. Keller B.A., Ljubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., Fedtshenko B.A., Shishkin B.K., Rodzevic R.Yu., Kamenski K.V., eds. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 1. Moscow-Leningrad: AN USSR. 324 pp. (In Russian)
Keller B.A., Ljubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., Fedtshenko B.A., Shishkin B.K., Rodzevic R.Yu., Kamenski K.V., eds. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Moscow-Leningrad: AN USSR. 448 pp. (In Russian)
Kharkevitch S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 6. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. 428 pp. (In Russian)
Komarov, V.L. & M.M. Iljin, eds. 1934. Flora of the USSR. V. 1. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 302 pp. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Krasnoborov, I.M., ed. 1984. Keys to plants of Tuva ASSR. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 336 pp. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov, I.M., ed. 1997. Flora of Siberia. V. 13. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 472 pp. (In Russian)
Kuminov A.V., ed. 1973. Keys to plants of the Novosibirsk area. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 368 pp. (In Russian)
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. 912 pp. (In Russian)
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, eds. 1979. Flora of the Central Siberia. V. 1. Novosibirsk. 536 pp. (In Russian)
N.I. Vavilov Institute, Herbarium Department, 1992. Information retrieval system: wild-growing relatives of cultural plants of Russia. STC Informregistr 0229905883, St. Petersburg, Russia.
N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry [WIR], St. Petersburg, Russia.
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (In Russian)
Popov M.G., Busik V.V. 1966. Abstract of flora of coasts of lake Baikal. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 336 pp. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Yakutia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 544 pp. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V. 4. Leningrad: Nauka. 312 pp. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other FSU countries. Saint Petersburg: VIR. 233 pp. (In Russian)
Vasilchenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 pp. (In Russian)
Voroshilov V.N. 1982. Keys to plants of the Soviet Far East. Moscow: Nauka. 672 pp. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved.
Copyright 2004 © R.S. Ushakova, O.E. Kravchenko, I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map).
Photo made by S.A. Fetisov.

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