Area of distribution and weediness of Vicia cracca L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist A.Yu. Doronina,
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of maps of natural scale 1:15 000 000-1:100 000 000 and on information taken from the open-published literature.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Zone of weediness is allocated within the area by criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (Tanskii et al., 1998), i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeded 50% with its field abundance (projective cover) being 4-5 points.

Procedure of map drawing:

The map is made by results of the analysis of the open-published cartographical materials and literature. The map of E. Hulten & M. Fries (1986), has been taken as a prototype, supplemented by maps of distribution from A.I. Tolmachev (1976), S.S. Kharkevich (1991). The northern, southern, western and eastern boundaries of area are outlined according with E. Hulten & M. Fries (1986) and amplified according to V.L. Komarov (1936) (northern, southern, western and eastern boundaries), A.I. Tolmachev (1974), S.S. Kharkevich (1991) (southern and eastern boundaries), E.V. Dorogostaiskaya (1972) (northern boundary), N.V. Pavlov (1961), N.A. Dorozhkin (1950), D.K. Zerov (1954), Т.S. Geideman (1975) (western boundary). The sporadic distribution is given according with E. Hulten & M. Fries (1986) and A.I. Tolmachev (1976), S.S. Kharkevich (1991). The zone of weediness is determined after V.V. Nikitin (1983), T.N. Ulyanova (1998), I.T. Vasilchenko & O.A. Pidotti, K.S. Artokhin (2004), G.I. Bazdyrev et al. (2004), A.Yu. Doronina (2000) and specified according to data on abundance, frequency of occurrence or weediness of the weed, taken from the below-mentioned references (except "Manuals" and "Floras").

Sources of the data:

Agaev, M.G., ed. 1988. Main agricultural weeds in crops of the Leningrad region. In: Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 468. Leningrad: VIR. 112 p. (in Russian)
Aleksandrov, F.A. 1975. Keys to plants of Kirov Region. Pt. 2. Kirov: Kirov Pedagogic Institute. 200 p. (in Russian).
Artokhin, K.S. 2004. Atlas of weed plants. Rostov-na-Donu. 144 p. (in Russian).
Bazdyrev, G.I., Zotov, L.I., Polin, V.D. 2004. Weed plants and their control in modern agriculture. Moscow: MSKHA , 288 p. (in Russian).
Dorogostaiskaya, E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (in Russian).
Doronina, A.Yu. 2000. Materials for study of the crops weediness on the Karelian isthmus territory (Vsevolozhsk district, Leningrad Region). In: Spiridonov, Yu.Ya., ed. State and development of herbology on XXI century threshold. Golitsino, p. 14-18 (in Russian).
Dorozhkin, N.A., ed. 1950. Flora of Byelorussian SSR. V. 3. Minsk: Ac. Sc. BSSR. 492 (in Russian).
Geideman, T.S., ed. 1975. Keys to higher plants of Moldavia. Kishinev: Shtiintsa, 576 p. (in Russian).
Hulten, E., Fries, M. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants, North of the Tropik of cancer: In 3 v. K?nigstein: In 3 vol., 1172 p. (in English).
Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1991. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 5. Saint-Petersburg: Nauka. 392 p. (in Russian).
Komarov, V.L., ed. 1948. Flora of the USSR. V. 13. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 588 p. (in Russian).
Kosolap, N.P., Kosolap, S.N. 2000. Dynamics of the grouping weed vegetation in agrophytocenoses winter wheat of the forest-steppe zone of Ukraine for the last 15 years. In: Spiridonov, Yu.Ya., ed. State and development of herbology on the XXI century threshold. Proceedings on the second All-Russian workshop. Golitsyno: VNIIF. P. 49-55 (in Russian).
Malyshev, L.I. & Peshkova, G.A., eds. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. V. 2. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1048 p. (in Russian).
Nikiforova, O.D. 1988. Wild vetches of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 136 p. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (in Russian).
Pavlov, N.V., ed. 1961. Flora of Kazakhstan. V. 5. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz. SSR, 515 p. (in Russian).
Polozhii, A.V., Malyshev, L.I., eds. 1994. Flora of Siberia. Fabaceae (Leguminosae). V. 9. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 280 p. (in Russian).
Popov, M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. V. 1. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 556 p. (in Russian).
Ramenskii, L.G., Tsatsenkin, I.A., Chizhikov, O.N., Antipin N.A. 1956. Ecological evaluation of the fodder lands by vegetation cover. Moscow: Selkhozgiz, 472 p. (in Russian).
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov, K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. St. Petersburg: VIZR, p. 5-55. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Sakhalin and Kurile islands. Leningrad: Nauka. 372 p. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1976. Flora of Northeast of the European part of the USSR. V. 2. Leningrad: Nauka: 294 (in Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1993. Useful weed plants in flora of the USSR. In: Catalogue of world collection of VIR. N 643. Saint-Petersburg: VIR. 160 p. (in Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weeds in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St. Petersburg: VIR. 344 p. (in Russian).
Vasilchenko, I.T. & Pidotti, O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 p. (in Russian).
Zerov, D.K., ed. 1954. Flora of URSR. V. 6. Kiev: AN URSR. 608 p. (in Ukrainian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved.
Copyright 2005 © A.Yu. Doronina & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description), N.N.Luneva (photo)

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