Area of distribution and harmfulness of Viola arvensis .

Object description Download GIS-layers


object specialist I.N. Nadtochij,
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaja

Data of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of maps of natural scale 1:10 000 000-1:80 000 000 and on literature data


"Alber's Equal Area Conic" USSR, 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area is shown by polygons (basic distribution) and by points (sporadic distribution). Zone of harmfulness are shown by polygons

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within weed area the zones of basic and sporadic distribution are shown, and zone of harmfulness, where Viola arvensis is a pernicious weed

Procedure of map drawing:

The areas of distribution and harmfulness of Viola arvensis are established according to the analysis of the open-published maps and literature. The area of distribution Viola arvensis is based on the maps from .Atlas of areas and resources of medicinal plants of USSR.. (1983) and from Hulten E., Fries M. (1986). Some regions were included addition in zone of basic distribution: Omskaja, Novosibirskaja, and Barnaulskaja regions (Flora of Sibiria, 1996; Koroljeva A.S. at all., 1973; Popov M.G., 1957) and region of Kazakhstan (Flora of Kazakhstan,1963; Hulten E., Fries M.,1986). The area of sporadic distribution is based on the maps from Hulten E., Fries M. (1986) and .Atlas of areas and resources of medicinal... The areas of harmfulness are established according to literature date (Andreev A.S., at all., 1983,1986; Veselovskij I.V.,1988., Guretskij V., 1972; Ed. Dokuchaev,1973; Klobukova-Alisova T.N., 1960; Skljadnev N., at all., 1960; Tichonova Z.E., 1937).

Sources of the data:

Andreev A.S., Soroka S.V., Soroka L.N. Species composition, distribution and harmfulness weeds in winter wheat in BSSR // General problems in biogeotsenology. Moskow. 1986. V. 2. p. 123.
Andreev A.S., Tereshuk V.S., Soroka S.V., Romanyuk G.P. Littering of fields in Belorussiya// Towards to progress in plant protection in Baltic States and Byelorus. Part 3. Riga: Dept. of scient. inform. Ministry agric. Latvian SSR, 1983. p.78.
Atlas of areas and resources of medicinal plants of USSR. Ed. P.S. Tchikov. Moskow. 1983. p. 319.
Fisjunov A.V. Weeds control reference book. Moskow, Kolos, 1984. 225 p.
Flora of Kazakhstan. V.3. Ed.N.V.Pavlov. Alma-Ata, Ac.Sc.Kaz.SSR, 1960. 460 p.
Flora of Sibiria. V.5. Ed.I.M.Krasnoborov, L.I.Malyshev. Novosibirsk, Nauka, 1992. 312 p.
Flora of the USSR. V.15. Ed. V.L.Komarov, Leningrad, Ac.Sc.USSR, 1935. p. 468.
Green enemies. Weeds of Stavropolje and control measures with them.Ed. Dokuchaev V.M. Stavropolje. 1973. 167 p.
Grossgeim A.A. Flora of Caucasus.V.6. Moskow-Leningrad, Ac.Sc.USSR. 1962. p.208.
Guretskij V. Widely- distributed weeds in cereals in Latvian SSR//Short reports on the questions of plant protection. Kaunas.1972. p. 6-9.
Hulten E., Fries M. Atlas of Norteh European Vascular Plants, Norteh of the Tropik of cancer: In 3 v. Konigstein, 1986. V. 1-3. 1172 p.
Identification book on plants of Krasnojarskij kraj. Novosibirsk.1979. p. 148.
Klobukova-Alisova E.N. Wild and harmful plants of Baschkirija. Moskow-Leningrad. 1960
Koroljeva A.S., Krasnotokov I.M., Penkovskaja E.F. Identification book on plants of Novosibirskaja region. 1973. p. 146.
Krasnoyarsk agric.Inst. Krasnoyarsk, 1960. v. 7. p. 96-105.
Popov M.G. Flora of Middle Siberia. V.1. Moskow-Leningrad, Ac.Sc.USSR. 1957. p. 454.
Skljadnev N., Egorjev V., Beljova V. Research of weed vegetation in forest-steppe regions of Krasnoyarsk area: holding .Minderlinskoye. as a case// Proc. Tichonova Z.E. Weeds and control measures. Gorkij, Gorkovskij region Publishing House, 1937. p. 97.
Tshesalin G.A. Weeds and control measures. Moskow, Kolos. 1975. 256 p.
Veselovskij I.V., Lisenko A.K., Manko Yu.P. Atlas-Identification book of weeds. Kiev. 1988. p. 45.

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