Secale cereale L. - Ray sowing.

Taxonomic position.

Family Poaceae Barnh., genus Secale L.

Morphology and biology.

Annual plant 60-120 (200) cm in height. Stems are bare or downy under an inflorescence. Vaginas are bare and smooth. A plate of leaves are 5-10 mm in width, rough from above. Spikes are double-row, 5-15 cm in length, up to 12 mm in width, an axis of spike is not fragile, downy by short hairs. Spikes with 2-3 flowers. Spike.s scales are keeled, richly coated by aciculums along keel, aristaless or with short, up to 5 mm in length, an arista. Inferior flower scales are 4-15 mm in length, are downy by ciliums across keel, with an arista up to 6 cm in length on a top. Anthers are 5-12 mm in length. Carypsises are free, easy removing.
Blossoms in July, fructifies in September. 2n=30


The general diffusion: Europea, Asia. As the cultivated plant is raised in many countries, mainly, in northern hemisphere. In territory of the former USSR: all areas.


Along roads, on open places, weed in wheat field.

Use and economic value.

Alimentary (grain), partly - fodder.


Cherepanov, S.K. 1995. Plantae Vasculares Rossicae et Civitatum Collimitanearum (in limicis USSR olim). St-Petersburg, "Mir I Semia", 990 p. (in Russian).
Flora USSR, 1934. Vol. 2. Rozhevits, B.K.Shishkin, (eds.) M.-L.: Publishing House of Acad. Science, p.667-668. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1939. Flora of the Caucasus, vol.1. Bakhu: Publishing House AzFAS, pp.345. (in Russian).
Tsvelev, N.N. 2000. ManuaL of the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod district). St.Petersburg, Publishing House of SPHFA, p. 511. (in Russian).
Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. 1987. Kharkevich.s S.S. (ed.), vol. 1. Leningrad: Nauka, 446 p. (in Russian).

© Smekalova T.N.


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