Secale sylvestre Host. - Wild Rye.

Taxonomical position.

Family Poaceae Benth. Genera Secale L.

Morphology and biology.

Annual cereal. Stalks of height of 25-50 cm, it is frequent at the basis cranked. Leaves narrow lancaolate, 2-3 mm of width, a plate and a vagina of bottom leaves shortly tomentous. Ears without anws 2-8 cm of length with very fragile axis. Spikelets 2-3 floral. Spikelet scales across Kiel rough, extended in awn, in two-three times exceeding scales; the bottom floral scales about 10 mm of length, lanceolate, with awn up to 5-8 cm of length. Blossoms in May-June. Anemophilous. 2n=14.


Steppe zone of the European part of the former USSR, Caucasus, Central Asia; the Southeast Europe, Iran, Afghanistan.


Sand oligotrophic plant. Grows on friable sandy soils, dunes, in sandy steppes.

Use and economic value.

Has no; in the dried up condition represents danger at eating by cattle.

The literature:

Groosheim A.A. Flora of Caucasus. V.2. Polypodiaceae - Gramineae. - Baku, Publishing house AzFaN, 1939. - 587 p.
Cereals of Ukraine. - Kiev, "Naukova Dumka", 1977. - 518 p.
Cultural flora of the USSR. V.2, p.1. Rye / Ed. V.D.Kobyljanskiy. - L.: Agropomizdat, 1989. - 368 p.
Tzvelev N.N. Cereal of the USSR. - L., "Science", 1976. - 788 p.

© Malyshev L.L.

Photos - © Dzjubenko E.A.

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