Trigonella monspeliaca L. - Montpellierian Fenugreek.

Taxonomic position.

Family Fabaceae Lindl., genus Trigonella L.


Trigonella monspeliaca L. subsp. subacaulis Feinbrun., Medicago monspeliaca (L.) Trautv.

Morphology and biology.

Annual herbaceous plant. Stems ascending, often prostrate, 10-20 cm tall, adpressedly hairy, usually branched from base. Stipules small, semi-sagittate, lower ones dentate. Leaf blades 4.0-10.0 mm long and 3-7 mm wide, obovate-cuneate, adpressedly hairy. Inflorescences sessile in leaf axils, numerous, with 4-15 flowers. Corolla pale yellow, 4 mmlong. Fruit is a stellately divaricated linear pod 7-15 cm long, slightly bent, pubescent, very shortly beaked. Seeds small (1.5 mm), thin, tuberculate. Flowers in April, fruits in May. Autogamous plant. 2n=16.


Moldova, Black Sea Region, Crimea, Caucasus, mountain Turkmenistan, Caspian Lowland.


On stony and debris slopes, in steppes, at roadsides.

Economic value.

May be used as forage plant during spring.


Grossheim AA. 1945. Fenugreek - Trigonella L. In: Shishkin BK., ed. 1945. Flora URSS. V.11. P.102-129. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1952. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.5. P.168-177. (In Russian).
Vassilchenko IT. 1987. Fenugreek - Trigonella L. In: Fedorov AA., Tzvelev NN., eds. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V.6. P.182-186. (In Russian).

© N.I.Dzyubenko, E.A.Dzyubenko

© Photo by E.A.Dzyubenko

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